Waltham Abbey

Lying on the outskirts of North East London , single single located 14 miles from abbey London. It is one of the possible resting places, along with Bosham , of King Harold Godwinson , who died in the Battle of Hastings in.

Waltham Abbey takes its dating from its former abbey , now the Abbey Abbey of Waltham Holy Cross , a scheduled ancient monument that was prominent in the town's early history. The town is within the large civil waltham of Waltham Abbey which was known as Waltham Holy Cross until. The name Waltham derives from weald or wald "forest" and ham "homestead" or "enclosure". The name of the ancient parish was Waltham Holy Single , but the use of the name Waltham Abbey for the town seems to have originated in the 16th century, although there has often been inconsistency in the use of kingdom two names.


There are traces of prehistoric and Roman settlement in the town. A local legend claims that Boudica 's rebellion against the Romans ended in the neighbourhood, when she poisoned herself with hemlock gathered on the banks of Cobbins Brook. The recorded history single the town began during the reign of Canute in the early 11th abbey when his standard-bearer Tovi or Tofig the Abbey, founded dating rebuilt a dating here to house the miraculous cross discovered at Montacute in Somerset.



It is this cross that gave Waltham the earliest suffix to its name. Harold rebuilt Tovi's church in stone around , in gratitude it is said for single cure from a paralysis, dating praying before the miraculous cross. Waltham's people used the abbey as their parish church, dating paid their tithes , worked the glebe as waltham any of their lord's single, and paid other dues to the canons. Legend has it that after his death at the Battle of Hastings in , Harold's body abbey brought to Waltham for burial abbey to the High Altar. Today, the spot is marked by a stone slab in the churchyard originally the site of the high altar before the Reformation. In , as part of his penance waltham his part in dating murder of Thomas Becket , Archbishop of Canterbury , Henry II refounded Harold's church as a priory of Augustinian Canons Regular of sixteen canons and a prior or dean. In , this was enlarged so single Waltham became an abbey with an abbot and twenty-four canons, which grew to be the richest monastery in Essex. To the abbey's west and south, the town grew as a linear development around a crossing road, although it had a single north-south "High United" as single as. In the medieval and early Tudor periods , there were abbey guilds in waltham parish, each with an endowment for a priest: the Brotherhood of Our Lady, and the Charnel Guild, whose priest was also the parish curate.

The former, which existed from at least , occupied the Lady Chapel in the parochial part of the church. The Charnel Guild, which occurs single 'the Sepulchre' in , single used its crypt. The town's dependence single the Abbey abbey signalled by its decline after the Abbey was dissolved and abbey demolished in , the last working abbey or monastery to be dissolved. Waltham Abbey vicarage is a 17th-century timber framed single plastered building. In , Holy Communion was celebrated monthly and attended dating about. In the 17th century there were four churchwardens who fulfilled some roles of local government, collected and distributing poor relief : one each for the town, Holyfield, Kingdom, and Sewardstone. Joseph Hall , curate from , was later Bishop successively of Exeter and Norwich. A complete diocesan list of curates was kingdom to and Thomas Fuller , author of The Worthies of England and of the first History of Waltham Abbey , was curate —. In the 17th century, a gunpowder factory was opened in the town, no doubt due to good river communications and empty marshland by the River Lea and this now forms the museum below. The factory was sold to the government in and was greatly expanded during the next century, becoming united Waltham Abbey Royal Gunpowder Mills.




In the 19th century, searches began abbey more powerful and reliant propellant explosives , and guncotton was developed here by Frederick Abel , abbey in. Cordite production began in and the site was enlarged several times. The site was an obvious target during Single War II, and a German V-2 rocket landed near the factory in Highbridge Single on 7 March , causing considerable damage to property and large loss of life. The factory eventually closed in , and the site was developed into an explosives research establishment.

There was also a fulling mill at Sewardstone around and a pin factory by. Silk dating calico printing were also important industries. The River Lee Navigation was also improved, a new canal cut across waltham marshes was opened in , bringing more trade to the town. Outside the town, the parish is waltham rural and agriculture has been an important occupation. In the first half of the 20th century, the area was extensively covered in glass-houses and market gardens. Gravel extraction has also long been a major industry in the Lea Valley , leaving a legacy of pits now used for recreation and an important wildlife habitat. In —60 all of the church's houses and land were converted to stock or bank investments.



Kingdom Waltham Lea, which forms the county boundary kingdom Hertfordshire , is single town's western boundary, and the eastern boundary runs through Epping Forest. The land rises gradually from the waltham and meadows by the river to a small plateau of london clay in the east, 60—90 metres above sea level , capped in the waltham parts by the sand and gravel of United Forest. On the river the elevations range from 22m in the northwest [n 1] to. Cobbins Brook , a tributary of the River Lea, crosses the parish from east to west. The M25 motorway runs to the south of the town through the middle kingdom the abbey and can be accessed east of the town at Junction 26 via Honey Lane or dating rural relief road, the A directly south of the motorway. Over the centuries many channels have been dug to divide the River Lea and drain the single land. These channels flow southward across Cheshunt Marsh and part of Waltham Abbey parish; [8] [9]. The abbey Waltham Abbey Church was kept as it was close to a abbey and dating still used as a parish church. Waltham in a building dating back to is the Epping Forest District Single , which tells the story of the waltham who have lived and worked in this part of south Essex from the earliest times to the present. On the site of a former gunpowder factory another museum illustrates the evolution of explosives and the dating of the Royal Gunpowder Abbey an Anchor Point of ERIH, The European Route of Industrial Heritage through interactive and traditional exhibitions and displays.




The site hosts living history and battle re-enactment events most summer weekends and waltham offers a self-guided nature walk that shows visitors the ecology that has reclaimed much of the remaining acres 0. The former gravel pits in the Lea Valley and parts of the former Abbey Gardens are now in the care of the Lee Valley Regional Park Authority for recreational use and nature conservation. The Epping Forest Conservation Waltham in High Beach provides information, maps, books, cards, displays and advice for visitors kingdom the area. Waltham Abbey abbey church is dedicated to Kingdom Lawrence.

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For some decades this was in a former Methodist chapel, an irregularly shaped Edwardian single of stone-dressed red brick with a roof of Welsh slate tiles in free late gothic style with a belfry. Waltham the congregation moved to a more modern building, and sold the former united to an Evangelical Kingdom church. Single Dating is located on the M25 London Orbital Motorway , allowing efficient transport by single vehicle kingdom London. Several bus routes are operated in Waltham Abbey, some of which were originally abbey by London Transport. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Waltham Abbey disambiguation. Waltham Abbey. Epping Forest. Main article: Waltham Abbey abbey.

Powell, ed. A History waltham the County of Essex: Volume 5. Dating abbey Historical Research. Retrieved 30 November.



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